Gorakhmundi (Sphaeranthus indicus) is a common winter season weed Every season, several tract loads herb is supplied to fulfill the increasing demand of this herb in national and international drug markets. It is commonly called Rice field weed as it grows as a wild weed in the rice fields but has extremely valuable medicinal properties.
Gorakhmundi is a much branched herb about 30 cm high and branches cylinderic, with toothed wings, glandular and hairy. Leaves sessile, decurrent, ovate oblong, glandular hairy, serrate or dentate, flowers compound heads globose avoid, penduncles with toothed wings, fruits achene, glabrous, stalked.
Methyl chavicol, a-ionone, d-cadinene, p-methoxy cinnamaldehyde as major constituents and a-terpinene,citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, b-ionene, sphaerene, sphaeranthine as minor constituents of essential oil have been identified.
Powder of flowers 2-4 gm