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Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) - Uses, Health Benefits, Dosage, Medicinal Properties


Botanical Name: Foeniculum Vulgare

Indian Name: Saunf

Description and Composition

Fennel is a yellowish green, biennial or perennial herb commonly cultivated throughout India. It has been used for flavouring from ancient times. The whole plant is aromatic.

An analysis of fennel shows it to consist of moisture 6.3 per cent, protein 9.5 per cent, fat 10 per cent, minerals 13.4 per cent, fibre 18.5 per cent and carbohydrates 42.3 per cent.

mineral and vitamin contents are calcium, phosphorus, iron, sodium, potassium, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin C. calorific value is 370.

The composition of the oil varies widely according to the variety and origin. Indian fennel oil contains substantial amount of anethole and fenchone. It possesses a sweet taste. The fatty acids of the oil are palmitic acid and petroselinic acid.

Healing Power and Curative Properties

The leaves of fennel are digestive, appetizing and stimulating. They increase the secretion and discharge of urine. The seeds are sweet, laxative, aphrodisiac and arrest bleeding, They also relieve flatulence and promote the removal of catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tubes. Oil of fennel, distilled from the dry seeds is aromatic, carminative and antispasmodic. I t is used in various carminative preparations.

Digestive Disorders

The use of fennel is well known as a digetive aid. [t may re given in small quantities to help young children digest carbohydrates. An infusion prepared by boiling a tablespoon of fennel seeds in 100 ml of water for half an hour, is highly, beneficial in indigestion, biliousness, flatulence, constipation and atonic dyspepsia. Chewing its seeds after meals prevent foul breath, indigestion, constipation and vomiting.


Fennel is one of the safest herbs for colic, for helping the baby to release gas and relieve tummy. It may be used in combination with other herbs like peppermint and crushed caraway seeds or alone. A teaspoon of the herbs is boiled in a cup of water, and allowed to steep in the water for about 20 minutes. This is strained and allowed to cool. This tea, given to the baby in his feed bottle, helps cure colic. Not more than a teaspoon or two should be given at a time.

Respiratory Disorders

Leaves of fennel are useful in respiratory disorders like asthma and bronchitis. The juice may be given in the treatment of such conditions. Eating fennel seeds with figs is also a good medicine for cough, bronchitis and lung abscesses.

Menstrual Disorders

Fennel seeds promote menstruation and regulate monthly periods. An infusion of the seeds can be given in painful menstruation and other menstrual irregularities.

Eye Disorders

It is believed that fennel benefits the eyes. Herbalists today recommend bathing the weakened, sore or inflamed eyes with fennel tea. Regular application of the leaf-juice boiled with honey, is said to cure conjuctivitis.

Digestion Support - Herbal Cure for Digestion

Digestion Support

Digestion Support is a blend of unique herbs described in Ayurveda as best digestives. The herbs like Haritaki, Fennel, Cumin, Piper maintain the natural pH balance in the stomach and aid in digestion of all types of food. These herbs act together in a synergistic manner and controls acidity, flatulence, gas and also constipation. These are the complex indigestion problems which according to Ayurveda are the root cause of almost all the diseases. If the digestive system is alright, it leads to proper assimilation of the nutrients in the body.

Herbs in Digestion Support: Digestion Support is purely a herbal formulation without any chemicals added into it. The ingredients are frequently used in Ayurvedic system of medicine since 5,000 B.C. without any side effects. Read more

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