It is a climbing shrub. Barks are gray-brown or cream-white and warty. Leaves re broad, pointed at the tip and having margin. Small flowers appear in summer and fruits in winter. The plant climbing on a neem tree is considered to be therapeutically more useful.
It grows in tropical and sub tropical regions up to an altitude of 300 meters.
Its principal constituents are tinosporine, tinosporide, tinosporaside, cordifolide, cordifol, heptacosanol, clerodane furano diterpene, diterpenoid furanolactone tinosporidine, columbin and b-sitosterol.
It is Ant periodic, Antipyretic, Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory. It is a constituent of several compound preparations. It is used in fever, urinary disorders, dyspepsia, torpidity of the liver, skin diseases, secondary syphilis, rheumatism, constipation, tuberculosis, leprosy and general debility. It is also used in treatment of rheumatism and jaundice. It is a blood purifier and may be useful in AIDS and other immune diseases also. It is also being proposed for cancer patients before and after chemotherapy.